Samtale med behandler i psykiatrien

What is autism?

Autism is a type of developmental disorder. It is seen in children, adolescents and adults. If you have autism, you sense and experience the world differently from most other people. For example, this means that you have greater difficulty understanding and participating in social contexts.


Autism is characterised by difficulties in three primary areas:

  • mutual social interaction
  • language
  • particular behaviour and interests characterised by routines or repetitions and special areas of interest and/or movement patterns.

How common is autism?

A spectrum

Different diagnoses

What causes autism?

Examination for autism

Before the examination

Observation af leg

An Interdisciplinary examination

Concomitant disorders

High incidence of other child psychiatric difficulties

Treatment of autism

Special pedagogical treatment


Family support and guidance



Autism and medication

Advice for relatives

What can parents do?

“We kept treating her like a normal child, but we shouldn’t have done so. She couldn’t understand what we wanted her to do. Only when we had the diagnosis made did we understand that she is a different child and needs to be treated differently.”
Helene and Søren, parents of 8-year-old Alberte, who has autism

Text on this page updated March 2022 (version 1.03).

Most recently revised by: Sanne Lemcke, Research Nurse at Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.